Wednesday, October 22, 2008

Three Views of the NT Use of the OT

Andy Naselli has a helpful post giving an overview of the new Zondervan book, Three Views on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament, ed. Kenneth Berding and Jonathan Lunde.

Here are five key questions:
  1. Is sensus plenior an appropriate way of explaining the NT use of the OT?
  2. How is typology best understood?
  3. Do the NT writers take into account the context of the passages they cite?
  4. Does the NT writers’ use of Jewish exegetical methods explain the NT use of the OT?
  5. Are we able to replicate the exegetical and hermeneutical approaches to the OT that we find in the writings of the NT?
Andy reproduces a nice chart that summarizes the diverse answers in the book from Walter Kaiser ("Single Meaning, Unified Referents: Accurate and Authoritative Citations of the OT by the NT"), Darrell Bock ("Single Meaning, Multiple Contexts and Referents: The NT’s Legitimate, Accurate, and Multifaceted Use of the OT"), and Peter Enns ("Fuller Meaning, Single Goal: A Christotelic Approach to the NT Use of the OT in Its First-Century Interpretive Environment").